What is the difference between bachelor, undergraduate and technologist?
Discover the difference between bachelor, bachelor and technologist and learn how to choose the best course for your needs!
There are basically three types of higher education courses in Brazil: baccalaureate, baccalaureate or technologist. All three confer top-level diplomas, which can be used to look for a job requiring that degree of education, to hold public examinations and to take a postgraduate degree.
Another common feature among bachelor, undergraduate and graduate courses is that they are offered by higher education institutions (colleges, universities, university centers, federal institutes of education, etc.). For the diploma to be valid, both the faculty and the course must be recognized by the MEC. and to enter any of them, it is mandatory to have completed high school.
The form of entrance in the courses of bachelor, bachelor and technologist is also similar. Depending on the college, you can enter through the traditional entrance exams, scheduled entrance exams, University for All Program (ProUni), Unified Selection System (Sisu) or even the National High School Examination (Enem).
Here are the main differences between bachelor’s, bachelor’s and technologist
Duration of the course
The baccalaureate and the degree have a similar duration. The technologist course is usually much shorter. Compare:
Bachelor: lasts between 3 and 6 years.
Degree: lasts between 4 and 5 years.
Technologist: lasts between 2 and 3 years.
This is one of the main difference between bachelor’s degree, undergraduate and technologist. Each one of them forms a type of professional and this is reflected also in the curriculum of the course.
Bachelor’s degree: general practitioners way. The student has a broad panorama of the area, with theoretical disciplines and some practices. At the end of the course, the student is able to work in several branches of the same area of knowledge, being able to specialize in one of them both with experience in the job market and through post-graduation.
Bachelor: essentially educators. The curriculum includes subjects related to Pedagogy and Didactics. Who graduates from a degree can give classes in primary and secondary education.
Technologist: is a specific training in a particular profession. The curriculum has a considerable burden of practical subjects and is linked to the needs of the labor market. The “Technological Axes” are organized in a classification of the MEC that distributes the courses by area of activity in the market and goes from “Environment and Health” to “Safety”.
Type of diploma
The baccalaureate, bachelor and technologist courses give the trainee a diploma of higher level. To be valid, the course must have MEC recognition.
Anyone who takes a bachelors degree, a degree or a distance technologist course also receives a diploma that is worth as much as the face-to-face, as long as the course is recognized by the MEC. The information about the modality (presence or distance) does not appear in the diploma.
The most important for the student is the degree conferred on each of them:
Bachelor: gives a bachelors degree. For the practice of some professions, such as Lawyer, Doctor and Engineer, a bachelors degree is compulsory. Some higher level public examinations, especially in the area of Law, also require a bachelor’s degree.
Bachelor: graduates receive a bachelor’s degree. Such a degree is required to teach, especially in high school. With the diploma of degree it is also possible to make public examinations that require a higher level (many of them do not determine which course the candidate must have done or the degree conferred).
Technologist: Higher technology courses confer the degree of technologist. With this diploma, in addition to entering the job market, the trained professional can also follow his studies in a graduate and participate in public competitions that require higher level.
How to choose between baccalaureate, bachelor and technologist
Bachelor’s, bachelor’s and technologist courses are upper-level courses. All of them allow to carry out professional activities and to do postgraduate studies. The choice depends essentially on the type of profession you want to follow and also on how specialized you want to be when you leave college. See in which case choose each one:
A bachelors degree is essential to practice certain professions, such as:
Lawyer, Promoter, Judge
Because it is a generalist education, the baccalaureate is also a good choice when you know which area you want to work in, but you have not yet decided exactly the type of activity you prefer to pursue. During the course you will have contact with several of them.
For example, in the course of Social Communication – Journalism Habilitation, you can have subjects related to several areas of activity, such as: Cinema, Radio, TV, Press Office and Institutional Communication, among others. Already in the baccalaureate course in Administration, you will have subjects related to the world of Finance, Management and Human Resources, to name but a few.
The Bachelor’s Degree is therefore a course that allows the student to decide which profession to follow during training, or even after, when entering the job market.
The degree forms educators and is the ideal course for anyone who wants to pursue a career as a teacher in elementary and middle schools. During the course, in addition to the subject specific subjects, the student has classes on didactics and pedagogy.
There are courses that are offered both in bachelor’s degree and bachelor’s degree. What changes is the focus of the disciplines is the type of diploma. For example, while in the bachelors degree in Chemistry the student is prepared to do scientific research and to work in this industry, the degree course in Chemistry is more directed to the activity of teaching Chemistry.
The technologist course is ideal for those who already have a clear idea of the area in which they intend to act professionally. By being focused on the needs of the labor market, it provides trained professionals to meet the demand of companies in very specific sectors and departments.
If you are interested in working in the Administration area, for example, you will find several Business and Management courses, such as:
Human resource Management
At times, it is possible to find bachelor’s and technologist courses with very similar titles, such as Tourism (baccalauréat) and Tourism Management (technological). It is important to know the difference between the two to choose the option that best meets your expectations.
The baccalaureate in Tourism lasts on average 4 years and can have different emphases depending on the university. Generally, it has a considerable load of Humanities disciplines, such as History and Geography, in addition to a base in the administrative part.
The Technologist course in Tourism Management lasts an average of two years and focuses on the practical part of the profession, and may emphasize some specific area according to the faculty (receptive tourism, events, airlines, etc.).